It if unfortunate that in the times we live in we have don’t know the very basic things that we need to do to establish tahara (purity). Whilst the steps to perform wudu are quite well known, the steps to perform Ghusl (bath) are perhaps not so well known. If someone is in a state of janabah (ritual impurity), for example when a husband and wife are intimate with each other or is a woman has finished her menses or the period after child birth, or if someone experiences nocturnal emissions then it is obligatory for them to perform the Ghusl/bath. If they do not perform this properly then they will in a state of impurity so will not be able to discharge the obligations of salah, touching the Quran etc…
In this Khutbah I want to quickly describes the method of doing Ghusl. The beauty of this lesson is that it can be applied straight away so the knowledge will live with you. So the procedure:
1. Wash both hands including the wrists.
2. Wash the private parts. The hands and private parts should be washed even if one is not in the state of Janaabat or Najasat. (Impurity)
3. If there is Najasat elsewhere on the body, it should be washed off.
4. Perform Wudhu. If one is making Ghusl on a stool or platform where water will rapidly flow away, then perform the complete Wudhu. If there is a fear of the feet being dipped in waste water during the Ghusl then postpone the washing of the feet to the end of the Ghusl. If there is no fear of the feet being dipped in waste water, then by merely washing the feet while doing Ghusl is sufficient for the feet to be washed. Ensure that the mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed when performing Ghusl. Remember if in a state of fasting then you must ensure that the water doesn’t go down your throat so you must be more careful when you wash your mouth and nostrils.
5. After performing Wudhu pour water over the head thrice.
6. Thereafter pour water thrice over the right shoulder and thrice over the left shoulder.
7. Then pour water over the entire body and rub.
8. If the hair of the head is not plaited, it is compulsory to wet all the hair up to the very base. If a single hair is left dry, Ghusl will not be valid.
If the hair of a woman is plaited, she is excused from loosening her plaited hair but it is compulsory for her to wet the base of each and every hair. If she fails to do so then the Ghusl will not be valid.
As for men who grow long hair and plait them, they are not excused from leaving their hair dry.
If a woman experiences difficulty or is unable to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to unplait her hair and wash her entire hair.
9. It is Mustahab (preferable) to clean the body by rubbing it. All parts of the body should be rubbed with the hands to ensure that water has reached all parts of the body and no portion is left dry.
10. Rings, earrings, etc., should be removed to ensure that no portion covered by them is left dry. Ensure that the navel and ears are all wet. If they are not wet Ghusl will be incomplete.
May Allah SWT give us the tawfeeq to purify ourselves properly.